Philanthropy has turned to intermediaries for many purposes over the past several decades. And while these arrangements present many advantages, they also pose some challenges. When is it opportune to work through an intermediary agency? When does working with an intermediary no longer make sense? In this session, a panel of leaders representing a diverse range of intermediary providers will explore the reasons that funders engage in the services they offer, examine the challenges associated in working with intermediaries, provide practical advice for donors considering entering into intermediary relationships, and speculate on future trends and opportunities that exist for current/new forms of intermediaries.